The benefits of exercise

Many people today like to exercise. Some like to run, and others like to dance or play ball games. And some people do more than one kind of exercise. Why do people like to exercise? It makes them feel good. And exercise helps make them relaxed, so they sleep better at night.

Walking or running is very good exercise, and it's more fun if you don't go alone. Go with a friend. You also have to make sure you have the right shoes. There are many more kinds of exercise. Find one that you like. You may need help at first. But afterwards you'll know how wonderful it is to exercise.

现代有很多人喜欢运动。有人喜欢跑步,有人喜欢跳舞或比球赛。而有些人则不只一种运动。为什么人们喜欢运动呢?因为它让他们感觉舒畅。运动帮他们轻松下来,这样他们晚上可以睡得香甜。

走路或跑步都是非常好的运动,而且如果你不是独自进行的话,那会更有趣。与朋友一起运动吧。你也必须确定你穿对鞋子。运动有好多种。找一种你喜欢的。也许一开始你会需要帮助,不过之后你将会了解运动真是棒透了。

语法重点:

1. 介绍下列代词的用法:

a. some... others... 有些……另一些……(用于不限定的两群)

Hobbies vary with people. Some enjoy collecting stamps, while others love taking pictures.

嗜好因人而异。有些人喜欢集邮,有些人则喜欢摄影。

b. some... others... still others... 一些……一些……另一些……(用于不限定的三群)

There are many people in the park. Some are jogging, others are taking a walk, and still others are playing badminton.

公园里有好多人。有些人在慢跑,有些人在散步,有些人则再打羽毛球。

c. one... another... 某甲……某乙……(用于不限定的两个人)

Hobbies vary with people. One may enjoy collecting stamps, while another may like taking pictures.

嗜好因人而异。某甲可能喜欢集邮,某乙却喜欢拍照。

d. one... the other... 一个……另一个(用于限定的两人)

I have two brothers. One is a soldier, and / while the other is a teacher.

我有两个弟弟。一个是军人,另一个则当老师。

e. one... another... the other... 一个……一个……另一个……(用于限定的三个人)

Jane has three sisters. One is a dancer, another is a musician, and / while the other is an accountant.

简有三个姐妹。一位是舞者,一位是乐手,另一位则是会计员。

f. 明确数字……the rest / (all) the others... 明确数字……其余皆……

Only two in my class passed the test. All the others failed.

我班上只有两位同学考试及格。其他全都没及格。

2. 综合上述,本课第一段第二句即属上述 a 项的用法:

Some like to run, while / and others like to dance or play ball games.

有些人喜欢跑步,有些人则喜欢跳舞或从事球赛。

Family relatives

自家人

父母=parents(父母是2个人,所以要加复数s)

亲生父母=birth parents

爸爸=father=dad=papa

妈妈=mother=mom=mama

儿子=son

女儿=daughter

兄弟姐妹=siblings(一般说兄弟姐妹时不只1个人,所以要加复数s)

兄弟=brother

姐妹=sister

哥哥=older brother=elder brother

姐姐=older sister=elder sister

弟弟=younger brother=little brother

妹妹=younger sister=little sister

丈夫=husband

妻子=wife

近亲

舅舅/叔叔/伯父=uncle

姨妈/姑姑=aunt

堂兄弟姐妹/表兄弟姐妹=cousin

侄女/外甥女=niece

侄子/外甥=nephew

姑妈=aunt on my father's side

姨妈=aunt on my mother's side

舅舅=uncle on my mother's side

叔叔/伯父=uncle on my father's side