旅行会给健康带来各种风险,具体取决于旅行者和旅行类型。旅行者可能会遇到海拔、湿度、微生物和温度骤然变化,可能威胁身体健康。此外,住宿条件差、卫生条件不足、医疗服务不发达且无法获得洁净水的地区,可能会带来严重的健康风险。

Travel can pose various risks to health, depending on the characteristics of both the traveller and the travel. Travellers may encounter sudden and significant changes in altitude, humidity, microbes, and temperature, which can result in ill-health. In addition, serious health risks may arise in areas where accommodation is of poor quality, hygiene and sanitation are inadequate, medical services are not well developed and clean water is unavailable.

健康的旅行计划

  • 旅行前和旅行期间保证充足的睡眠。成人通常每晚7-8小时睡眠时间。学龄儿童和青少年至少需要9个小时。年龄较小的孩子需要10-12小时,新生儿每天需要16-18小时睡眠时间。
  • 避免疲劳驾驶
  • 适应旅行地的环境。享受充足的阳光和加强运动、吃当地食物、多喝水、避免饮酒和摄入咖啡因。
  • 了解旅行地。研究当地的生活条件、法律和生活风气、健康风险及如何最大限度减少这些风险,及所需接种的疫苗。
  • 仔细选择食物。找提供新鲜熟食、热食和干净餐具的餐厅。避免危险的食物,如未加工或未煮熟的肉类和海鲜、未剥皮或未加工的水果和蔬菜、及含冰饮料。
  • 打包药物。确保打包足够的药物、防晒霜和可能用到的其他健康品。

Plan for Healthy Travel

  • Schedule enough sleep before and during travel. Adults typically need 7-8 hours of sleep each night. School-age children and teens need at least 9 hours. Younger children need 10-12 hours and newborns 16-18 hours of sleep a day.
  • Drive while rested.
  • Help your body adjust to a new time zone. Get lots of sunlight and exercise, eat meals at local times, drink plenty of water and avoid alcohol and caffeine.
  • Learn about your destination. Research local living conditions, laws and customs, health risks and how to minimize them, and what vaccinations you’ll need.
  • Consider food options. Look for restaurants with freshly cooked, hot foods and clean utensils. Avoid risky foods, like raw or undercooked meat and seafood, unpeeled or raw fruits and vegetables, and drinks with ice.
  • Pack your medicines. Make sure to pack enough medicine, sunscreen and any other health products you might need.