What is ovulation bleeding?
Ovulation bleeding generally refers to bleeding that occurs around the time of ovulation, which is when the ovary releases an egg.In the days leading up to ovulation, estrogen levels steadily rise. After the release of an egg, the estrogen levels dip, and progesterone levels begin to increase.This shift in the balance between estrogen and progesterone levels can cause light bleeding, which is usually much lighter than a regular period.
In most cases, it does not cause any other symptoms.If a person experiences other symptoms, such as cramping, alongside the bleeding or it lasts longer than a few days, something other than ovulation bleeding may be the underlying cause.People who do not regularly ovulate may have unusual bleeding patterns, such as bleeding very lightly for many days or only getting a period every few months. Numerous medical conditions, including polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) and endometriosis, can cause irregular cycles.
Some hallmarks of bleeding during ovulation include:
The bleeding happens around ovulation. On average, ovulation occurs 14 days after the last period began, although many people ovulate earlier or later. People can use ovulation testing kits or monitor their basal body temperature to help pinpoint the time of ovulation.The bleeding occurs only once during each month at around the same time.The bleeding stops on its own within a couple of days and is not heavy or painful.
Bleeding that does not follow this pattern could be due to:
Implantation bleeding / Pregnancy-related bleeding / Anovulatory cycles / Structural abnormalities / Kidney or liver disease / Thyroid issues / Hormone treatments / Drugs and medications / Pituitary diseases / Infection / Tumors
People who experience the following should speak to a doctor:
changes in the usual pattern of bleeding, for example, periods being less than 21 days or more than 35 days apart;
bleeding becoming much heavier or lighter than usual;
excessive bleeding, such as soaking a tampon or pad every 2 hours or passing large blood clots;
additional symptoms, such as painful periods, difficulty getting pregnant, pelvic pain during or after sex, shortness of breath, lightheadedness, dizziness, or chest pain;
bleeding after menopause