排卵出血是指排卵期间或排卵前后的阴道出血,大约发生在月经周期的中期。变化雌激素水平通常是导致这种类型出血的原因。

What is ovulation bleeding?

Ovulation bleeding generally refers to bleeding that occurs around the time of ovulation, which is when the ovary releases an egg.In the days leading up to ovulation, estrogen levels steadily rise. After the release of an egg, the estrogen levels dip, and progesterone levels begin to increase.This shift in the balance between estrogen and progesterone levels can cause light bleeding, which is usually much lighter than a regular period.

什么是排卵出血?

排卵出血一般是指排卵前后发生的出血,即卵巢释放卵子时,排卵前几天雌激素水平稳步上升。在卵子释放后,雌激素水平下降,黄体酮水平开始上升。雌激素和黄体酮水平平衡的这种变化会引起轻微出血,通常比正常时期轻得多。

In most cases, it does not cause any other symptoms.If a person experiences other symptoms, such as cramping, alongside the bleeding or it lasts longer than a few days, something other than ovulation bleeding may be the underlying cause.People who do not regularly ovulate may have unusual bleeding patterns, such as bleeding very lightly for many days or only getting a period every few months. Numerous medical conditions, including polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) and endometriosis, can cause irregular cycles.

在大多数情况下,它不会引起任何其他症状。如果一个人在出血的同时出现其他症状,如抽筋或持续时间超过几天,则可能不是因为排卵期出血而是有其他潜在原因。不经常排卵的人可能会有不寻常的出血模式,如几天内非常轻微的出血或每隔几个月才出现一次月经。许多疾病,包括多囊卵巢综合征(PCOS)和子宫内膜异位症,都可能导致周期不规则。
Some hallmarks of bleeding during ovulation include:

The bleeding happens around ovulation. On average, ovulation occurs 14 days after the last period began, although many people ovulate earlier or later. People can use ovulation testing kits or monitor their basal body temperature to help pinpoint the time of ovulation.The bleeding occurs only once during each month at around the same time.The bleeding stops on its own within a couple of days and is not heavy or painful.

排卵期出血的一些特征包括:

出血发生在排卵期前后。平均来说,排卵发生在最后一个周期开始后14天,尽管许多人排卵更早或更晚。人们可以使用排卵检测试剂盒或监测他们的基础体温来帮助确定排卵时间。出血在每个月大约同时发生一次。出血在几天内自行停止,不重也不痛。

Bleeding that does not follow this pattern could be due to:

Implantation bleeding / Pregnancy-related bleeding / Anovulatory cycles / Structural abnormalities / Kidney or liver disease / Thyroid issues / Hormone treatments / Drugs and medications / Pituitary diseases / Infection / Tumors

不遵循此模式的出血可能是由于:

植入出血/妊娠相关出血/无排卵周期/结构异常/肾病或肝病/甲状腺问题/激素治疗/药物和药物/垂体疾病/感染/肿瘤

People who experience the following should speak to a doctor:

changes in the usual pattern of bleeding, for example, periods being less than 21 days or more than 35 days apart;

bleeding becoming much heavier or lighter than usual;

excessive bleeding, such as soaking a tampon or pad every 2 hours or passing large blood clots;

additional symptoms, such as painful periods, difficulty getting pregnant, pelvic pain during or after sex, shortness of breath, lightheadedness, dizziness, or chest pain;

bleeding after menopause

有以下经历的人应该和医生交谈:

常规出血模式有变化,例如间隔小于21天或大于35天的时期;

出血变得比平时更重或更轻;

出血过多,如每2小时浸湿一个卫生棉条或垫或通过大血块;

其他症状,如痛经、怀孕困难、性交期间或之后的骨盆疼痛、呼吸短促、头晕、头晕或胸痛;

绝经后出血